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Messages - Digerati

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General Software News, Updates & Discussions / Re: Karenware Power Tool news
« on: September 13, 2019, 02:16:56 PM »
I was very surprised to see that Windows 10 stores all your clipboard items in history. If you weren't aware of this, you might want to remove some items.
I don't believe that article is accurate. It says (my bold underline added),
By default, Windows will now store every clipboard copy and cut in a history file and bring them back up in this box when you press Windows-Key V.
I just checked 3 different Windows 10 systems here and in each case when I click the Windows Key + V, I get a popup windows that says, "Can't show history" with a button to "Turn on" history.

I can't be 100% certain with this computer but on those other two computers, I know for certain I did not disable that Settings > Clipboard feature. So that tells me "by default" Windows does NOT now store every clipboard copy and cut. And that sure makes sense as it would be a serious security issue otherwise, for example, if a user copied several passwords from their password manager that were then saved in a history file others could access.

I note the author does seem to contradict himself in that area a couple paragraphs down when he talks about the computer going to sleep. He says (again, my bold underline added),
...the clipboard is not cleared when your computer goes to sleep and wakes back up.  If you're in the habit of closing the lid on your laptop and letting others open it back up and use the machine without logging into their own account, then they're going to have access to your clipboard history if you ever enabled the feature.
So yes, when it comes to sleep mode, "IF" that feature was enabled, this clipboard history feature could become a serious security issue.

And the article is also accurate when it says the clipboard history is automatically cleared when you Sign Out, Shut Down or Reboot. So if you are the only user of that computer and the computer is not left in a publicly accessible location, then the worry is not as concerning. However, if me, if I did decide to enable that feature, I would make sure I signed out after each session. That said, because I do not trust me to be that disciplined, even in my own home where I am the only user of my systems, I will not change the default and I will keep it disabled.

FTR, 3rd party clipboard managers have been around for decades. I personally never felt I needed them so other than checking all my systems to make sure this feature has not been disabled, this is not big deal for me.

Coming out of sleep mode works.
Shut down and start works.
But a restart does not work.

That is an odd problem. I've never seen it before either.

What is the full model number?

It sounds to me like the monitor is not getting a signal to wake after a restart. This could be because the notebook thinks it is connected to an external monitor. There should be a Fn + F-key combination to cycle through notebook monitor, external monitor or both. There is no industry standard for these key assignments so you will need to check your keys. Hopefully they have a recognizable icon printed on them or you will need to check your manual. On my Toshiba it is Fn + F5. Next time you see that "blank" screen, press that key combination and see if you get a display. Hopefully you will and hopefully it will remember that setting from then on. Fingers crossed.

Computer Problems, Questions and Solutions! / Re: Old dog - new trick
« on: August 15, 2019, 05:03:18 PM »
I don't use RTF either. And all my email from all my accounts is initially handled through my spamblocker, MailWasherPro which automatically displays everything in plain test. Of the 50 - 60 emails I get every day, I typically only keep a handful or less. Those get pulled down into Outlook in html format.

I don't know how yours got converted into RTF, unless it was originally sent in that format by someone using Outlook in RTF mode.

Computer Problems, Questions and Solutions! / Re: Old dog - new trick
« on: August 13, 2019, 03:53:40 PM »
Translation: I don't believe it's the zoning board's issue, but instead an Outlook issue that Microsoft needs to address.
It is an Outlook issue, but not sure MS needs to fix it. IMO, it is not broken - at least not in general.

Winmail.dat files are created when Outlook users create emails with Microsoft Outlook Rich Text Format. That's fine when sending emails to other Outlook users. But if the sender does not know if a recipient is using Outlook, they shouldn't be using that Rich Text Format (RTF)

RTF is not selected by default. HTML is. So that sender must have manually changed it for that one message, or changed the default for all his messages.

The help page in Outlook clearly states over and over again that RTF is a Microsoft format that's supported only by Outlook and MS exchange clients. And it says over and over again that HTML is the best format to use when creating emails that look like traditional docs (with various fonts, colors, bullets, images, etc.). And it is the recommended format.

If that sender did not want to use HTML, he should not have selected RTF. He should have selected Plain Text.

As noted in Outlook Help, RTF is best used within an organization that uses Exchange - but even then, HTML (the default) is still recommended.

Now I will say this, when you are on Exchange and create a doc with RTF, and you send it outside the organization to someone not using Outlook, the message is supposed to be converted to HTML. I am no longer on a corporate network usuing Exchange but I can say that used to work just fine.

So I think the problem is a unique issue with the sender of that message, not something inherent with Outlook that Microsoft needs to (assuming they could) fix. In other words, I say it is "user error" and not Microsoft's or Outlook's.

Computer Problems, Questions and Solutions! / Re: Old dog - new trick
« on: August 12, 2019, 02:54:20 PM »
I doubt that we have an IT person.
If your city hall, fire department, zoning, police, street, parks, schools have computers, someone handles (or got stuck with) IT. It may not be a dedicated (or paid) position, but someone is wearing that hat - just as you do in your own household.

And again, it takes no money to say all emails must be in plain text and all attachments must be in .jpg or .pdf formats.

That would be a lot cheaper in the long run than having those systems locked and held for ransom.

Computer Problems, Questions and Solutions! / Re: Old dog - new trick
« on: August 12, 2019, 02:39:02 PM »
That's how it work in my town too. Note I was not talking about anything secretive. Just secure, as in safe and free of malware.

You were referring to an official correspondence from one city official to another city official. That seems to me to be in the purview of the city government (IT dept and assembly). 

And of course, it is the responsibility of the city government to protect its citizens too. So taking steps (especially simple, virtually no-cost steps as setting policy) to protect the public from malware distributed via city networks would be in the city managers interests too. That could protect the city from liability issues too.

Computer Problems, Questions and Solutions! / Re: Old dog - new trick
« on: August 12, 2019, 02:00:21 PM »
You (guess I should say, "I") wouldn't expect a Zoning Board to be using a malformed Outlook account unless it is the member's personal account, which doesn't seem appropriate for "official" correspondence.
I was thinking this too. I think your husband (or his proxy - you) should contact your community's IT folks and town council and have them set policy. This should be to standardize file types for official business communications just for compatibility concerns, but more importantly, for security.

The security issue alone should drive this as more and more municipality's are having their IT systems locked up and held for ransom - typically compromised through malicious emails. 

The bad guys are not just going after big cities like Atlanta or Baltimore. They're hitting smaller towns and counties too. LaPorte County, Indiana has a population of just over 110,000. Midland, Ontario is little more than a village with less than 17,000 residents.

Computer Problems, Questions and Solutions! / Re: Outlook via web site
« on: August 10, 2019, 01:22:05 PM »
I stopped using NoScript some time ago due to problems associated with it. So I also stopped following new about it.

But I did note PaleMoon Blacklists NoScript due to problems. Not sure if same issues is affecting FF too.

Computer Problems, Questions and Solutions! / Re: Outlook via web site
« on: August 09, 2019, 01:32:02 PM »
Hmmm, it seems to be working fine in PM for me. Have you cleared your cookies and tried again?

Hard to tell since it is not included in W7. I note MSE is not even in the product lifecycle list.

If memory serves, Windows Defender on Windows 7 is an antimalware product only.
Ummm, no. That is not correct. WD on W7 is an anti-spyware only product. It is the old rebranded "Giant Antispyware" program MS bought from Giant Software, then rebranded it to Windows Defender and gave it away for free.

And yes, it is disabled when MSE is installed because MSE includes antispyware code, just as Windows/Microsoft Defender includes antispyware code for W8/W10.

Going a bit off topic but Microsoft Security Essentials is available for Windows 7 users and I wonder what will happen when Windows 7 reaches EoL
That's a good question. My "guess" is MS will keep MSE alive in order to keep those W7 holdouts who are using MSE in the MS camp. MS does not want those MSE users migrating to Avast, Kaspersky, or Norton.

I would not be surprised, however, if MS does not change the name of MSE to, IDK, "Microsoft Defender Standalone" ?  ::)

Hard to believe that people actually get paid the BIG bucks to confuse us by changing things.

Quote from: techie
The thing is the average user won't actually notice this and most won't even notice the name was changed to Windows security. My first update to Security Intelligence was on July the 30th.
And for the average user, that's fine. They don't need to notice. That's the whole point of automatic Windows updates - to just let Windows do it for us. And for the most part and for the vast majority of users, that's just fine too, because it works.

P.S.  It is really no different than when the name was changed from Microsoft Security Essentials to Widows Defender.
While similar by the fact it was a name change, the change from MSE to Windows Defender was very different. This is because then there were two very different Microsoft programs with the exact same name! Not similar names, the exact same name.

That is, there was the original "Windows Defender" which was an anti-spyware program that ran on W7 and earlier Windows. And there was "Windows Defender", the anti-malware program that came integrated with W8 and W10. Two different programs with the exact same name.

I really don't have a problem with name changes. But Microsoft already has a long history of using confusing names that often frustrates users. With that in mind, I sure wish MS would make a concerted effort to announce said name changes in advance, instead springing them on users. I don't know of anyone who likes being blindsided over security/safety issues, even when the news is good, or at least not bad.

I set her router up to not even broadcast the SSID name
That's fine but it really does not improve security. Wireless means radio waves and any wannabe junior bad guy can still see the wireless network, even if SSID broadcasting is disabled.
If it's not broadcasting the SSID name to everyone in the local area neighborhood, then it it doesn't exist to them.
Not true! They can still see a network there, they just cannot see the name. Any badguy (or neighbor whizkid) with a simple packet sniffer like XIRRUS WiFi Inspector can easily see what wireless networks are active in the area and its general location. With a simple, home made directional antenna, they can easily pinpoint the exact physical location.

It does NOT take a pro to do this. Remember, it is not your honest neighbors you need to worry about. And a real bad guy sitting out in the street pointing a directional antenna at your house would likely get them some unwanted attention. So it's the mischievous whizkid next door who wants to steal access to your network - either to simply use it for free, or for nefarious deeds using your assigned IP address who you need to be concerned with.

The only way to truly hide your wireless network is to turn it off completely and use only Ethernet.

Also, while most wireless devices today support push button connection, some legitimate devices still need to see the SSID during setup. This requires the user to then log into the admin menu and enable SSID broadcasting again during setup, then disable it again. A PITA, IMO.

So, because it does not improve security, I no longer even suggest disabling SSID broadcasting. I just say to immediately rename it to something that does not readily identify it as belonging to you, or to your home/apartment. And, of course, use the highest security encryption possible - preferably WPA2 + AES, and a strong, hard to guess passphrase.

BTW, if you live in a crowded wifi neighborhood and have connection and/or range problems, it likely is due to other networks on your same channel, or adjacent channel. You can use a packet sniffer to identify unused channels then change to that unused channel in your wifi admin menu. If there are no unused channels, picking one that is used that has the weakest signal strengths is the next best thing. Also, for devices that support it, switching to a 5GHz network can improve performance too. However, the effective range with 5GHz is very limited so it works best for those devices in close proximity (under 30 or so feet is best) to the WAP (wireless access point).

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